The United Nations

The United Nations.

It is the International Organisation by excellence.

a) Definition. The United Nations is an international organization founded in 1945.  It is currently made up of 193 Member States.  The mission and work of the United Nations are guided by the purposes and principles contained in its founding Charter.

b) Regulation. The United Nations Charter or the Charter of the United Nations.

c)Main organs and functions.

Under article 7 The main organs of the UN are:

  • the General Assembly (GA)
  • the Security Council (SC)
  • the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)
  • the Trusteeship Council
  • the International Court of Justice (ICJ), and
  • the UN Secretariat.

All were established in 1945 when the UN was founded.


1) The General Assembly (GA) :

  • Regulation: Chapter IV of the UN Charter (arts. 9 to 22).

2) The Security Council (SC)

  • Regulation: Chapter V of the UN Charter (arts. 23 to 32).

3) The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) 

Regulation: Chapter X of the UN Charter (arts. 61 to 72).

4) The International Court of Justice (ICJ) 

  • Regulation: Chapter XIV of the UN Charter (arts. 92 to 96).
  • Statute of the International Court of Justice.

5) The UN Secretariat 

  • Regulation: Chapter XV of the UN Charter (arts. 97 to 100).

6) The  Trusteeship Council 

  • Regulation: Chapter XII of the UN Charter (arts. 75 to 85); Chapter XIII of the UN Charter (arts. 86 to 91).

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